Marshes, Essex, England 51° 29' 21" N 000° 13' 53" E
11 Apr 2021
sample of a singing male with three song types, playing
A-A-A B-B-B C-C-C.
69 song strophes sung in 10 minutes, 47 were type A, 7
of type B and 21 of type C. Some variation in the number
of syllables within specific phrases, e.g. phrase-2
on song-A had 5-11 repetitions. Only two songs out of
69 were an exact match. Also some inter-song syllables
suggesting song not full crystallised yet.
37' 13" N 003° 04' 53" W11 June 2019
with two song types, both incorporating the perched
of a Pied Wagtail (Motacilla alba) as the first
syllable in the opening phrase. Repeated twice in most
song type 2 strophes.
FSC Field Centre, Enochdhu,
44' 53.7'' N 03º 33' 02.4'' W 11 June 2015
song composed of two trilling phrases
and a terminal flourish from a
tree-fall area in a Sitka Spruce plantantion, bordering
a slightly more open area with a few Sessile Oaks and
Silver Birches. Song perches ranged from 2.5 to 10 metres.
This individual had only one song type (~2.2 secs).
Of a one hour recording (~263 strophes), it sang
for 45 minutes and was silent for 15 mins (5.8 strophes/min
during the active singing period). Song matching with
neighbours. Subsequent observation failed to locate
a female (though possibly incubating).
song from mixed spruce and oak. This song type contains
a final keek element after the terminal flourish.
Remarkably, following a stophe represented in the above
sonogram, a Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopus
major) responds with its similar keek call,
slightly lower in frequency. This seem to be widespread
in eastern Europe, and I've heard it in Estonia,
Poland and Finland. I've never heard a terminal keek
in the British Isles.
19' 18.48" N 13° 31' 28.18" E 4
song from birch woodland on lake shore: more 'musical'
rendition with initial Tree Pipit-like phrase and a terminal
Great Spotted Woodpecker-like 'chick' element, characteristic
of northern continental birds.
Zebra Zubra, Bialowieza Forest,
42' 33.0'' N 23º 47' 52.5'' E 28 June 2009, 0952h
Single verse/strophe of territorial song from a bird singing
in mixed forest along the Zebra Zubra trail in Bialowieza Forest;
terminal flourish proceeded by a Great Spotted Woodpecker-like 'kick'
(common in northern Europe but rare in the British Isles).